Call us for a free quote at 1-800-837-5520  or contact us

Bed bug species

Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) are nocturnal parasitic bugs that feed on blood from warm blooded mammals.

Bed bugs

(Cimex lectularius)

Cimex Lectularius


  • Bed bugs are around 5 to 6mm long before a blood meal extending to about 7mm when fully engorged.
  • Oval and flattened from back to underside with thick, well-developed legs. Bed bugs do not have wings.
  • Their mouths are pointed for piercing and sucking.
  • Adult bed bugs are rusty red-brown in color.
  • Eggs are whitish cream, getting darker as they hatch to larvae.
  • Their shed skins are lighter brown and look like flaky exoskeletons.
Life cycle and habits of bed bugs


  • Bed bugs lay 200 – 500 eggs over a 2 month period in batches of 10 to 50.
  • The adult female must have a blood meal before egg-laying.
  • The eggs are usually laid in crack and crevices and can be attached to items of furniture or fittings in clusters by a transparent substance.
  • There are 7 stages to the lifecycle from egg to fully grown adult which can be from 45 days but may be up to a year.
  • The typical lifespan of a bed bug is about 50 days to over a year depending on favorable conditions.
  • They can survive for weeks to months without feeding.


  • Bedbugs feed on human blood and are attracted to body heat and CO2 from sleeping humans.
  • They inject an anaesthetic when they pierce the skin, so the bite can go unnoticed at first.
  • They are found in cracks and crevices, headboards, behind peeling wallpaper, broken plaster, light switches, under carpets and skirting boards etc. so they are near to people for feeding.
  • Bed bugs usually visit their host for a blood feed just before dawn. When alarmed they move quickly and emit an odor.

Dealing with bed bug infestations?

DIY bed bug treatments can help control the problem, but do not guarantee a complete solution. However, there are steps you can take to manage the infestation. Bed bugs congregate in areas like mattress seams, carpet edges, bed frames, etc. Check these areas for live bed bugs. If you have infested bedding or clothing, wash and dry it at a high temperature of 140℉+. Heat is a highly proven approach in bed bug control. Use a vacuum to physically remove bugs.

It is very difficult to find and eliminate all stages of bed bugs that might be present, and is best done by a professional. Our highly qualified technicians offer tailored bed bug treatments that are safe for your family and pets.