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Bed bugs are very small creatures and exceptionally good at hiding from humans. People often only realize they have bed bugs after they notice bites. People react to bites differently with some developing noticeable marks, while others show no signs of bites at all.
Bed bugs have a unique feeding system all contained within their mouth, known as the rostrum. The mouth is comprised of mandibles and maxillae. All the parts help the insect saw their way through the skin and into a blood vessel.
The mandibles form a tube that allows them to ingest blood, but the blood pressure of the victim pumps it right into their bodies. The rostrum also injects two chemicals - an anesthetic and an anti-coagulant. The first ensures you don't feel it when you get bitten and the second ensures that your blood doesn't clot.
This is why the bites don't usually wake you up and you only notice the next morning. It is the chemicals injected into the bite that cause the reaction and, just like with insect stings, how people react to the bite varies.
Watch our infographic video that tells you more about bed bugs:
A bed bug bite usually appears as a red mark and it can appear anywhere on the body. Sometimes the bites become raised red marks and sometimes they stay flat, looking like a rash.
The bites can be in a line because bed bugs can line up once a good feeding spot has been found. Or, the same bed bug, if you toss and turn a lot, can come back to the same spot.
Bed bug bites can occur anywhere on the body but are often close to blood vessels near the skin. Check for signs of bites on your:
For most people a bed bug bite can be itchy and mildly irritating, like a mosquito bite. However, some people have no reaction at all other than the red mark. At the same time, some people can have a bad reaction.
Bed bug bites generally heal on their own, but if they are a concern for you then seek medical treatment from your doctor. If the reaction appears particularly bad, definitely seek treatment from a physician.
The best way to deal with bed bugs is of course to not get bitten in the first place!
For reliable bed bug treatment services, call your local experts at Ehrlich at 1-800-837-5520 for a FREE bed bug bite inspection or contact us online.
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